There are many alternatives to pesticides including:
- Using biopesticides: some plants and animals release toxins that are naturally harmful to pests. Chrysanthemums release a toxin, known as pyrethrin, that is naturally toxic to many urban garden pests. Planting them around a vegetable patch will help control the pest population.
- Using insect birth control: males of some insect pest species can be raised in the laboratory, sterilized, and then released in affected areas to mate unsuccessfully with healthy females thus effectively controlling the pest population.
- Using insect sex attractants: when many female insect species are ready to mate, they release a chemical sex attractant called a pheromone. These pheromones can be mimicked in the lab and added to traps to lure in the pests or used to attract the pests' natural enemy. The Roach Motel works on this principle.
- Zapping pests with hot water: farmers have begun using "Aqua Heat," a machine that sprays boiling hot water on crops, to kill both weeds and insects. They have found that both the results and the cost is effective. You too could use this method on a smaller scale to control problems in your garden.
- Using integrated pest management (IPM): this method develops a pest control program based on ecological studies and a mix of cultivation and chemical and biological methods used in proper sequence and timing. The aim of IPM is not eradication of pests, but rather maintaining pest populations at just below economic impact. IPM is becoming more popular among environmentally concerned municipalities, but is hindered by cost and the fact that it is not as easy to use as simply applying pesticides. You can do your part to encourage IPM in Shreveport.
|Flea Collars and Spray
||These products are toxic and contain such hazardous ingredients as carbamates, pyrethrins, and organophosphates.||Herbal collars and ointments (eucalyptus or rosemary), or brewer's yeast in pet's diet.|
|Roach and Ant Killers
||These contain organophosphates, carbamates, and pyrethrins which make them toxic.||Roaches: baking soda and powder sugar mix.
Ants: chili powder to hinder entry.
|House Plant Insecticides
||These products contain such hazardous ingredients as methoprene, malathion, tetramethrin, and carbaryl.||Mixture of bar soap and water or old dishwater. Spray on leaves, then rinse.|
||The ingredients of these products include pyrethrins, rotenone, and nicotine which are toxic.||Insecticidal soap; import predators such as ladybugs, ground beetles, and preying mantis.|